· Jer 9:23-24 “… I am the Lord which exercises loving kindness, judgement and righteousness in the earth for in these things I delight.”
· Delight (2654 Strongs) = to desire, have pleasure in, like.
· God delights to show loving kindness to people regardless of whether they deserve it.
· God also delights in judgement and righteousness (justice, what is right).
· Judgement (4941 Strongs) = a verdict, a sentence, penalty for doing wrong.
· God we serve sets standards and ensures there are consequences.
· Gen 2:16-17 “… but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil – shall not eat.”
· God – the source of all authority set a standard for Adam.
· Setting standards is an important part of character training.
· Standard = a rule, a law to be kept, a criterion or a measure.
· A standard is a measure that lays out what is expected.
· When standards/laws are not set each person becomes own authority – law to self.
· Eg, Governments/Employers/Parents must set and enforce standards.
· Setting the standards is the responsibility of the person in authority.
· Note: There can be no personal accountability without existence of standards.
· Rom 4:15 “… for where there is no law (standard) there is no transgression.”
· Rom 5:13 “… sin is not imputed when there is no law.”
· Imputed = to charge to ones account.
· God holds people accountable for those laws that He has set.
Example: God explained to Adam clearly what was expected of him.
· God’s instructions were simple, clear and understood by Adam.
· This is how God exercises His authority!
· God offers a choice with consequences.
· God does not control (person becomes a puppet), He exercises authority.
Example: Parents must set standards.
· To train children, a parent must set out standards – what expected.
· Since parents authority is delegated by God – standards should agree with the Word.
· Instructions should be kept simple and clearly explained.
· Parents should make sure the child understands, eg repeat it back.
· Setting standards normally requires explaining penalty for disobedience.
· What areas?
(1) Obedience (2) Honour – respect parents (3) Trustworthy in word/action
(4) Self control (5) Acceptable behaviour – manners (6) Family rules
· Ecc 8:11 “Because sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil.”
· When there are no consequences evil becomes unrestrained.
· When God sets standards He makes the consequences of disobedience clear.
Example: Gen 2:17
· “… of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil – not eat.” (Standard)
· “for in the day you eat you shall surely die.” (Penalty)
· Justice requires that there be a warning of the penalty as well as set standard.
Example: John 3:36
· “He that believes on the Son has everlasting life.” (Standard)
· “He that believes not the Son of God shall not see life but the wrath of God abides upon Him.” (Penalty).
· God clearly sets out the standard for salvation and the consequences.
· God requires the church to proclaim the Gospel of Salvation.
· People have no excuse because there is a witness about God:
(a) In creation (Rom 1:20)
(b) In their own conscience (Rom 2:15)
How does God ensure that broken standards have consequences?
(i) The law of sowing and reaping (Gal 6:7-8)
(ii) The activity of demonic spirits (Eph 4:27; John 10:10)
(iii) A day of judgement when all give account (Rom 14:10-12)
Rom 13:4 “For he is the minister of God … revenger to execute judgement upon him that does evil.”
· One responsibility of delegated authorities is to administer punishment.
· Minister of God = a person serving the purpose of God in place of authority.
· Revenger (1558 Strongs) = to carry out justice.
· Wrath (3709 Strongs) = punishment, penalty for breaking the law.
· Does (4238 Strongs) = to practise, perform repeatedly – not single act.
· Evil (2556 Strongs) = what is wrong, bad, harmful according to some standard.
· If a person is practising wrong doing – eventually they will be caught.
· This is why justice can be administered firmly – they probably got away before.
· God intends for wrong to be paid for by a proper penalty.
· This also applies to accidental wrong or damage (Exod 22:5,6,12)
· The standard = what is right
· The breaking of standard = what is wrong
· The penalty = The right amount of payment to correct the wrong
· Protection of property (standard) ̃ Damage ̃ Complete restitution including inconvenience.
· No harm to human life (standard) ̃ Kill ̃ Capital punishment
Training of children
(i) Respect for property (standard) ̃ damage ̃ restitution/clean up mess.
(ii) Manners – behaviour to others (standard) ̃ rude ̃ apology/separation.
(iii) Physical harm (standard) ̃ hurt ̃ pain.
(iv) Self control (standard) ̃ laziness ̃ additional responsibility/loss privilege.
· Rom 5:8-10 ̃ God’s loving kindness and judgement and righteousness.